Please enable JavaScript in your browser to experience all the custom features of our site.

Mr. Harry Skydell, Chairman
Mr. Mark Karasick, Vice Chairman
Rabbi Yakov Horowitz, Director
Rabbi Avrohom M. Gluck, Director of Operations
The first 1000 members will have a chance to win a
16 GB
with Rabbi Horowitz audio

Membership Benefits:

  • Save articles to your favorites folder.
  • Save and print selected articles in a PDF journal.
  • Receive emails containing the latest comments on your favorite articles.
  • Mark articles as "READ".
  • More member features coming soon...

Raffle Rules:

NO PURCHASE NECESSARY. To enter, complete the signup form and join as a member. Incomplete entries will be disqualified. All entries shall become the property of CJFL. CJFL is not responsible for lost, misdirected or delayed entries.

The contest is open to the general public. Members need to be at least 18 years old. Identification must be produced on request. Employees of CJFL, its raffle sponsor, advertising and promotional agencies and their respective affiliates and associates and such employees' immediate family members and persons with whom such employees are domiciled are excluded from this raffle. ALL PREVIOUSLY REGISTERED MEMBERS WILL BE AUTOMATICALLY ENTERED INTO THIS RAFFLE. The prize is not redeemable in cash and must be accepted as awarded. Decisions of the raffle judges are final - no substitutions will be available. By claiming the prize, the winner authorizes the use, without additional compensation of his or her name and/or likeness (first initial and last name) and municipality of residence for promotion and/or advertising purposes in any manner and in any medium (including without limitation, radio broadcasts, newspapers and other publications and in television or film releases, slides, videotape, distribution over the internet and picture date storage) which CJFL may deem appropriate. In accepting the prize, the winner, acknowledges that CJFL may not be held liable for any loss, damages or injury associated with accepting or using this prize. CJFL retains the rights, in its absolute and sole discretion, to make substitutions of equivalent kind or approximate value in the event of the unavailability of any prize or component of the prize for any reason whatsoever. This contest is subject to all federal, provincial and municipal laws. CJFL reserves the right to withdraw or terminate this raffle at any time without prior notice. One entry per person.

Fellow Weekly Newsletter - Issue 70 "Take Off! Pre-Tarmac" Business Law and Ethics for the Shabbos Table

Publication: Fellow Weekly Newsletter

Not Rated Yet   |   Viewed 5119 times since 3/11/11   |   0 Comments
Decrease Font Size Increase Font Size    [ Change Font Size ] Email This Article to a Friend

Encouraging intelligent and entertaining debate at your Shabbos table. What's the Law?™ raises issues of business law and ethics through lively emails by featuring your real-life scenarios answered by our leading authorities and professionals.

To join this mailing list, please send an email to with the word subscribe in the subject line.

Case 170: Take Off! Pre-Tarmac

Mark Green O.T.D., a Philadelphian native specialized in geriatric Occupational Therapy. His keen understanding of his clientele, cheerful optimism, honesty, warmth and professional approach earned him repute across the country. Renowned for his innovative communication and memory skills - training methods to decelerate the progression of dementia, Green was invited to lecture at the Orlando Conference of Professional Care Management Providers.

Mark settled down at Gate B-16 in Philadelphia International 45 min before boarding time and flipped out his ASUS™ laptop to review his PowerPoint presentation. Green though, struggled to keep his eyes open.

Directly across the three yard aisle, sat the graying Dr. Stern preparing his own dissertation on CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy) for PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) patients. "I'm hopping over to Starbucks and will be back shortly. I will bring you back a Cappuccino. " Green said to Stern. "Please do keep an eye on my belongings." The two exchanged friendly smiles and Green was off.

Green returned to the gate fifteen minutes later, eyed Stern standing on line, waiting to board the US-AIR flight, both carry-ons at his side...but Mark's ASUS™ was gone.

Stern had been staring down at his Blackberry™ replying to an email looked up and the ASUS™ had taken off.

What's the Law?

Please email us with your comments, questions, and answers at .

Read next week's issue for the answer!


CASE 169: Grandma's Cuisine

Swiveling back and forth behind his long wooden mahogany desk, Morris Berger Esq. was busy pricing gourmet caterers. Grandma's 100th birthday celebration was an event Morris took extremely seriously. Taking stock of his precocious children, his cheerful extended family and his personal financial success, he felt indebted to his beloved and spirited grandmother. Grandma's fight for life and herculean stamina, particularly during the 1940's inspired a fervent awe deep in Morris' heart.

November 1st 2010 promised to be a solemn and respectful recognition of her vision and impassioned dedication towards rebuilding her healthy Jewish family anew. Cuisine caterers offered a five-course meal along the Baltimore waterfront for $100 a plate, while Pretty Palate priced at $95. Berger conjectured telling Cuisine that his competitor could do it for $90, hoping Cuisine would meet him or do better; yet he was unsure if Grandma would approve such conduct.

What's the Law?

The Answer

Morris may not attempt to fool Cuisine Caterers into offering him a better deal. However, if Morris would have unscrupulously fooled Cuisine Caterers into matching or offering less than $90, Cuisine Caterers may not demand remuneration when learning that Berger fooled him. If Cuisine Caterers wishes to rescind on the contract, they must seek Halachic guidance.

Detailed Explanation

Grandma's Cuisine implicates the following two laws:

1. It is forbidden to fool your fellow in business. Unless absolutely necessary it is wrong to engage in a venture that could put one's fellow out of business [Choshen Mishpat 228:6].

2. Consider the following scenario.

The Seventeenth Century Aschkenazic luminary, Rav Yair Chaim Bachrach (1638-1702), in Chavos Yair (69) and R. David ben Samuel HaLevi Segal, zt"l c. 1586 - 1667 Poland in Taz (332) discuss the following true episode.

A put up his home for sale. B offered 300. A bargained and claimed that C already bid 350. B swore not to sell for less than 400. A closed deal at 410 , paid the money and received the title deed. Subsequently, A discovered that C never bid 350. Claiming that his final 410 offer was contingent on C's alleged 350 bid; A demanded remuneration of 110.

The Chavos Yair and Taz rule that while B was unscrupulous and will have to deal with the Heavenly Court, A should have realized that false and sharp bargaining schemes are common shrewd business practices. He should have been more astute, known the business and either stuck to his original 300 offer or investigate if the 350 offer was indeed legit. As A willingly paid 410 for the home, it is too late to rescind and he has no subsequent legal recourse to recoup the 110 [Pischei Teshuva 207:9].

Caution: [See Mishpat HaShalom 227:3 for specific limitations to this rule.]


Morris Berger must deal honestly and not pretend he received a $90 offer instead of a $95 bid in order to secure a better deal. However, if Berger would have unscrupulously haggled Cuisine Caterers so, and Cuisine willingly agreed to match him at $90 or do better and finalized the deal, Cuisine has no legal recourse on the $5 difference. Cuisine should have known the bargaining business and not taken Berger's word blindly.

Nonetheless, if Cuisine Caters claims that their final offer was based on false pretenses and wish to completely annul the contract, Halachic guidance should be sought.

[Answered by Dayan Chaim Kohn & The Fellow-Yesharim Research Center]


Although we aim to present the correct ruling, varying details are always important and decisively influence every individual case. Our readers are thus encouraged to present their personal cases to a competent authority and not solely rely on the information provided.

To join this mailing list, please send an email to with the word subscribe in the subject line.

A project of Fellow-Yesharim 105/21 Sanhedria Murchevet, Jerusalem ISRAEL 02-581-6337 USA 845-335-551

To sign up for Rabbi Horowitz’s weekly emails, please click here.

Reader's Comments:      Rating & Comments Policy      Rate & Write a Comment!
 Average Rating:       Not Rated Yet
Subscribe to this Article
(by subscribing you will receive email notification
when new comments are posted)
There are no comments yet. Click above to write the first comment.
Dear Readers:

Please visit our Parenting Resource listing to learn about agencies and services that you can make use of. If you know of an agency that can be of assistance to others, kindly drop an email to our site administrator at and pass along the information to him.

I ask that you please consider supporting the work we are doing to improve the lives of our children. Click on these links to learn more about our teen and parent mentoring program that serves hundreds of teens and their families, or our KESHER program, now in 20 schools in 4 states. Your financial support can allow us to expand these services and help more children.

If you believe in the governing principles of this website – to help effect positive change through the candid discussions of the real issues we collectively face, please consider becoming a daily, weekly or monthly sponsor of this website and help defray the costs of it’s maintenance.

Working with Families and Educators on Behalf of our Children

This site is managed by The Center for Jewish Family Life, Inc., 56 Briarcliff Drive, Monsey, NY 10952
Project Y.E.S. was founded by Agudath Israel of America
The Center for Jewish Family Life/Project YES - 56 Briarcliff Drive, Monsey, NY 10952 (845) 352-7100 ext. 114 Fax: (845) 352-9593